He was an important person in the American Civil Rights movement. He believed in non-violence.
At that time there was segregation in the southern states of America. Black people could not use certain types of public transport and go to the same schools and churches as white people. Dr King did not agree with this and he protested in public. The police arrested him several times.
In August 1963 Dr. King helped to organize the Civil Rights march on Washington, DC. On that day he gave his most famous speech: everybody knows the phrase "I have a dream".
In 1964 America passed the Civil Rights Act. This changed the lives of African-Americans forever. In this year Dr King won the Nobel Peace Prize.
On 4 April 1968 a man called James Earl Ray assassinated Dr King in Memphis.
Every year American remember Dr King's work by celebrating this national holiday. People try to help someone on this day.
COULD YOU ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS?
1.When is Martin Luther King day celebrated?
2.When was he born?
3.What does "segregation" mean?
4.What is the most famous sentence he said in a speech in 1963?
5.When did he win the Nobel Peace Prize?